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ORIGINAL FRENCH ARTICLE: Après les attentats du 11/9 - Pourquoi l’Amérique doute ?

by Marc de Miramon

Concerning the Attacks of 11 September 2001, Why Does America have Doubts?

Translated Thursday 2 October 2008, by Henry Crapo

From L’Humanité Dimanche, published 14 September ’08, and placed (in French) on the web at the site ReOpen911.

Unthinkable during the aftermath of the attack on the twin towers and the Pentagon on 11 September 2001, more and more Americans no longer give credence to the restricted vision and the official version of these attacks, an event that has changed the face of the world. Lies concerning the existence in Iraq of ’weapons of mass destruction’, the pretence for a slaughterous war, and the work of a controversial commission of inquiry, have largely contributed to seeding these doubts.

Should the ’case’ concerning September 11, 2001, be reopened? Seen from France, the question seems almost preposterous, given that the debate over the attack that shook the world is stuck, ever since the publication of the works by a certain Thierry Meyssan [1], in the meanders where flow theories of conspiracy, accusations of anti-American or even anti-semitic bias [2]. Given, also, that disturbing questions have been raised, in the media sphere at least, by public personalities not closely related to the ’case’ and to the complex web of interests stemming from the so-called ’global war on terror’: the actress Marion Cotillard compared her doubts concerning the official version to fantasies concerning the death of Coluche (an assassination, she suggests), and to those of enlightened visionaries who pretend that no one has walked on the moon. The minister of housing, Christine Boutin, interviewed in November 2006 concerning the possible involvement of the Bush government, offered this sentence, with a ring of populist common sense: "I think it is possible. I know that the web sites that deal with this problem are those most visited (...). This sort of mass expression can not exist without some grain of truth."

Nevertheless, far from the usual lot of "conspiracy theorists", it is undeniable that a growing number of politicians (both Republican and Democrat), university professors, scientists, engineers, pilots, and professional intelligence personnel are saying they no longer believe that aircraft pirates could have acted alone, without internal or external accomplices.

Three candidates in this year’s presidential election, (the Green Party’s Cynthia McKinney, the Democrat Dennis Kucinich, the Republican Ron Paul)
have promised, in case they win their seats, to reopen the inquiry into 9/11.
Former European ministers (Michael Meacher in the UK, Andreas Von Bülow in Germany) and Euro-deputies (the Italian Giulietto Chiesa) have publicly supported theories considered by some to be eccentric. Political leaders in power (Hugo Chávez, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, and others), Russian officials (such as the former chief of staff of the army, Leonid Ivashov [3]) have given support to the thesis of ’manipulated terrorism’, as a way of throwing back on the United States some of their own rhetoric and propaganda, all the while settling their accounts with the ’axis of good’. On the other side of the Atlantic, ’personalities’ in the world of politics have arrived at the same analysis. "How could the security systems at the airports have all broken down, at four different times, in just a few minutes? Is it possible that hijackers lacking in flight skills could conduct the exotic flight maneuvers that top-gun fighter pilots say are beyond their own skills?", asks Paul Craig Roberts [4], former assistant Secretary of the Treasury in the Reagan administration. "Still, there is some possibility, however remote, that Allah could have blessed the hijackers with unbelievable luck." He goes on to say, "We know also that the Bush administration planned to carry out false-flag operations."

Two examples, among others: two months before his launching of the war against Iraq, George W. Bush, with strong doubts that the UN inspectors would find even the slightest trace of ’weapons of mass destruction’, considered sending American ’U2’ planes disguised as UN aircraft into the Iraqi air space, hoping for a response from Saddam Hussein susceptible of setting off the war [5]. More recently, in the month of July, the celebrated American journalist Seymour Hersh revealed how, according to his informers, vice-president Dick Cheney planned to have constructed some fake Iranian PT boats, to be built in American navy shipyards, then to open fire on their own fleet, in order to precipitate war with Iran. This operation, even if it was abandoned at the last minute because it would have cost American lives, reveals the possible ’manipulations’ discussed these days at high levels in the White House. A level of cynicism that Karl Rove, former strategist of George W. Bush, had summed up in the celebrated formula: "We are an empire now. And when we act, we create our own reality.". [6]

Unthinkable for many Americans, the day after September 11, the honesty of the government in its fight against Al-Qaida is now being openly discussed. A coalition of "whistle-blowers" [7], comprised of American intelligence agents reduced to silence by the Bush administration, has formed around Sibel Edmonds [8], former translator for the FBI, demanding the right to expose the deviations of the "war on terror" as well as the breaches in national security. Some speak more freely: "I am forced to conclude", Robert Steele, former Marine Corps Intelligence Officer, wrote "that 9/11 was at a minimum allowed to happen as a pretext for war.” [9]. Others, like former CIA analyst (under the elder George Bush), Ray McGovern, ex-field-agent Robert Baer or William Christison, former Director of the CIA’s Office of Regional and Political Analysis, all come to similar conclusions. "The official U.S. Government story of what happened on September 11, 2001 is almost certainly a monstrous series of lies, and American policy, concerning both domestic and foreign affairs, is based on those lies ", the latter stated.

The official report of the commission of inquiry on the attacks, published on 22 July, 2004, did nothing to dissipate these doubts. Piloted by the White House, the inquiry directed by Philip Zelikov [10] , a close collaborator of Condoleezza Rice, systematically avoided troublesome questions and witnesses contradicting the declarations of George W. Bush, Dick Cheney or Donald Rumsfeld. When the report came out, the voices of Senator Max Cleland, who resigned from the commission because of the repeated refusals of the Bush administration to cooperate with the inquiry, or that of Democratic Senator Mark Dayton, who denounced the gravity of the lies repeated by the Pentagon, scarcely troubled an America immersed in the electoral duel between George Bush and John Kerry, and divided over the question of the war against Iraq.

"There exist so many holes in the official theories about the 11th of September that there remains no believable or coherent synthesis whatever. And up until now we have continued to stagger forward, as if the truth about these traumatic events were no longer interesting in the least", wrote Richard Falk, professor emeritus of international law at Princeton University, this year named a special envoy of the United Nations for the Palestinian territories. [11]

Numerous families of victims of the attack, who likewise call for a new inquiry, wait in vain for a veritable judicial response in order at last to turn the page. To understand why, seven years later, despite the initial promises of Colin Powell or of Tony Blair, after two invasions, of Iraq and Afghanistan, both justified by the events of September 11, Osama bin Laden is still not officially charged by the FBI.

Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, the presumed mastermind, is presently being judged by a military tribunal, after having confessed under torture to his guilt in the affair, as well as to his participation in 17 terrorist operations around the world. Without trial, in shadowy regions outside international law, individuals suspected of terrorism disappear in the archipelago of secret prisons of the CIA, including to those in Europe [12].

The absence of correct procedures and impartial inquiry into this crucial event have certainly contributed to the fever of conspiracy theorists and of extremists of all sorts. Each such person, within the uncountable shadowy regions of the official version, constructs his own history and adds in his own fantasies. The great American historian Howard Zinn (editor’s note: see below), while supporting the call for a new inquiry, fears that we may never know the truth. Since the history of state terrorism shows him to be probably correct, nothing should prevent one, in a democracy, from asking questions.

11 September 2001, A "Golden Opportunity" for the Bush Administration, by Howard Zinn, American historian, author of the best-selling A People’s History of the United States. He says:

"The lies of the Bush administration about weapons of mass destruction, the botched job by the commission of inquiry concerning 11 September, and more generally the fact that this administration is probably the most secretive in American history, has contributed to the dissemination of doubt.

"Many American intellectuals do not support those who affirm that the government deliberately organized the attacks of 11 September, but they receive the official version with great scepticism, and rightly observe that the event has been used to attain objectives other than the fight against terrorism. Undeniably, the "mainstream media" have been lamentable in their coverage of the story, and have almost blindly applauded the "global war against terror" and the invasions of Iraq and Afghanistan.

"In one way, the attacks constituted a golden opportunity for the Bush administration to extend American power in the Middle East, to proceed with construction of its anti-missile perimeter, and to restrict individual liberties.

"I clearly support any inquiry that will permit us to know more, even if I do not think that our energies should be concentrated on this sole issue. The question of knowing whether the Bush aministration participated or not in these attacks will most likely never be settled. But the manner in which the attacks were used, the fake ’war on terror’, and the unjustified invasions, are more likely to awaken and mobilize the American people."

Bibliography in English [13]:

9/11 Synthetic Terror: Made in USA, by Webster Griffin Tarpley, Progressive Press, 2007.

The New Pearl Harbor: Disturbing Questions About the Bush Administration and 9/11, by David Ray Griffin and Richard Falk, Olive Branch Press, 2004.

The New Pearl Harbor Revisited: 9/11, the Cover-Up, and the Exposé, by David Ray Griffin, Olive Branch Press, 2007.

The 9/11 Commission Report: Omissions and Distortions, by David Ray Griffin, Olive Branch Press, 2005.

Debunking 9/11 Debunking: An Answer to Popular Mechanics and Other Defenders of the Official Conspiracy Theory, by David Ray Griffin, Olive Branch Press, 2007.

The Commission: The Uncensored History of the 9/11 Investigation, by Philip Shenon, Twelve, 2008.

The 5 Unanswered Questions about 9/11, by James Ridgeway, Seven Stories Press, 2005.

9-11 Descent into Tyranny, by Alex Jones, AEJ Publishing, 2002.

America’s "War on Terrorism", by Michael Chossudovsky, 2nd edition,
Global Research, 2005.

9-11, by Noam Chomsky, Seven Stories Press, 2001-2002.


Loose Change Final Cut, DVD by Dylan Avery, Louder Than Words, 2007

Painful Deceptions, by Eric Hufschmid, hugequestions.com

Zéro, Enquète sur le 11 Septembre, selected by Mario Sesri, directed by Franco Fracasi and Francesco Trento, based on an inquiry by Giulietto Chiesa, 2007.

11’09’’01 - September 11, directed by Youssef Chahine and Amos Gitai, 2007.

911 in Plane Site, by Dave vonKleist, thepowerhour.com

911 Mysteries, www.911mysteries.com, www.disinfo.com.

911 Eyewitness, by Richard Siegel, Blue Star Media Group 91, eyewitness.com

[1In his book, which sold 300 000 copies in 2002, the president of the Réseau Voltaire, Thierry Meyssan, claims that no airplane hit the Pentagon. Translator’s note: Thierry Meyssan’s books are published in English:
Pentagate, and 9/11: The Big Lie, both published by Carnot, 2002.

[2Marion Cotillard et les complots by the ’philosopher’ Robert Redeker in le Monde, 29 March 2008.

[3General Leonid Ivashov is the vice-president of the Academy on geopolitical affairs. He was the chief of the department for General affairs in the Soviet Union’s ministry of Defense, secretary of the Council of defense ministers of the Community of independent states (CIS), chief of the Military cooperation department at the Russian federation’s Ministry of defense and Joint chief of staff of the Russian armies

[4Craig Roberts was Assistant Secretary of the Treasury during President Reagan’s first term. He was Associate Editor of the Wall Street Journal. He has held numerous academic appointments, including the William E. Simon Chair, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Georgetown University, and Senior Research Fellow, Hoover Institution, Stanford University. He was awarded the Legion of Honor by French President François Mitterrand. He is the author of Supply-Side Revolution : An Insider’s Account of Policymaking in Washington; Alienation and the Soviet Economy and Meltdown: Inside the Soviet Economy, and is the co-author with Lawrence M. Stratton of The Tyranny of Good Intentions : How Prosecutors and Bureaucrats Are Trampling the Constitution in the Name of Justice

[5"The Bush-Blair deal revealed in a secret memo", in The Guardian, 3 February 2006.

[6"Faith, certainty, and the presidency of George W. Bush", by Ron Suskind, New York Times, 17 October 2004.

[7National Security Whistleblowers Coalition (NSWBC), founded in August 2004, is an independent and nonpartisan alliance of whistleblowers who have come forward to address our nation’s security weaknesses; to inform authorities of security vulnerabilities in our intelligence agencies, at nuclear power plants and weapon facilities, in airports, and at our nation’s borders and ports; to uncover government waste, fraud, abuse, and in some cases criminal conduct…

[8CBS News, 60 Minutes: "Lost In Translation", FBI Translator Sibel Edmonds Grants First Interview To Ed Bradley.

[9in a review of the book, 9/11 Synthetic Terror by Webster Tarpley

[10The 9-11 commission was a political commission run by Bush administration insider Philip Zelikow. The National Institute of Standards and Technology is an agency of the U.S. Department of Commerce, the head of which is a member of President Bush’s Cabinet.

[11Quoted in the preface of the book by David Ray Griffin, "The New Pearl Harbor", published in French translation by the publisher Demi-Lune. Translator’s note: for the original English version, see the list above.

[12"The Archipelago of Secret Prisons of the CIA" (L’archipel des prisons secrètes de la CIA), by Giulietto Chiesa, in Le Monde Diplomatique, August 2008

[13provided by the translator

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